Saturday, February 8, 2020

UWB Ad-Hoc Networks Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 10000 words

UWB Ad-Hoc Networks - Essay Example gnal has a bandwidth that exceeds the lesser of 500 MHz or 20% of the center frequency, there is an authorized unlicensed use of the frequency range starting from 3.1 GHz and up to 10.6GHz, also the emission limit is -41.3 dBm/MHz. This technology uses the Impulse Ratio (IR) method for its transmission; the rate is different for radar and imaging purposes to the communication purposes. The rate of impulses for radar and imaging is in the range of 1 to 100 mega pulses per second. The communication rate can be in a range of 1 to 2 giga pulses per second. This diagram shows how much faster Ultra Wide Band technology is over any existing current technologies also it provides a high level of mobility which is important for a mobile devices it is intended for. The advantage of UWB over traditional radio transmissions is that traditional way would be to modulate the frequency and phase of the signal as well as power, of a sinusoidal wave. However UWB transmits impulse at a specific time, there fore it allows pulse position modulation and time modulation. Among the advantages of UWB that helps to prevent multi path propagation. It gives the possibility of the system to establish the time for an impulse to travel from the transmitter to the receiver in the direct path. The other advantage of UWB IR system is the short length of pulses does not allow them to overlap so the multipath fading is not an issue in this case. On the other hand in a system with high pulse rate there can be inter-path interference, it can be eliminated by error correction coding at the receiver. UWB can be combined with multiple antenna technology that doesn’t only allow increase in transmission speed but increases the reliability of the channel, there are a number of solutions that can increase the transmission speed over the regular SISO (single-input single-output); Technologies like multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO) allows reaching gigabits per second range of transmission speed.

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Writing Locations posted on course website Essay Example for Free

Writing Locations posted on course website Essay Important Notice: Anyone who is not able to write the exam on the scheduled date must provide documentation validating his/her absence, i.e. doctor’s note confirming illness and inability to write exam dated the day of the exam. Once documentation is received and approved by your professor, the value of your midterm will be added to your final exam. If valid documentation is not provided, the midterm mark will be a zero. 20 Multiple Choice questions 15 Short Answer questions, 2 to 6 marks each (80 marks total) TOPICS TO BE COVERED: The relationship between the firm and its external environment Critical success factors: what they are, why they are important, how they connect to each other Diamond-E model: key variables, connections among variables, principal logic, examples External analysis what it is, how to conduct one, general vs. specific environments, benefits and challenges of conducting one PEST factors: elements, impact on business, questions to answer from PEST analysis Porter’s five forces model: explanation of each force’s impact on industry profitability, methods of reducing the impact of each force, strategic questions it answers, industry examples Entrepreneurship what it is, what the key elements are, its significance  entrepreneurial process elements, influences, and connection with Diamond-E components of opportunity recognition  how to screen and evaluate opportunities for viability and competitive advantage high versus low potential ventures  how to access resources, bootstrapping, pros and cons of financing options social entrepreneurship: what it is, key facets, stakeholders, how it compares to traditional entrepreneurship, how it compares to charity, examples Technological Factors  opportunities and threats of technology   technology standard wars – description, impact, scope  installed base, lock-in, switching costs, complementary goods, network effects – description, importance, example key assets and strategies to win technology standards wars sustaining technologies – what they offer, who they serve, examples disruptive technologies – what they offer, who they serve, examples, why disruptive innovations can cause large firms to fail, how different types of innovations challenge existing firms tactics for small companies to succeed and for large companies to avoid failure Citing sources and APA Formatting -objectives, rules, methodology Relevant Readings/Materials Pearson Textbook: Chapters 1,2 Lab Manual:Technology Readings (directions for accessing on pg. 199) Introduction to Writing and Using Sources How to Use Sources APA Documentation Style APA In-text Citation Format Pearson resources on citing and using APA format Cases are not covered on the exam. SUGGESTED STUDY APPROACH: For each topic identify questions that may appear on the exam. These questions can fall into four general categories: 1. What is it, what are the general elements of the topic 2. Why is it important, why are the individual elements important 3. How are the individual elements related to each other? How are they related to the topic? How does the topic or its elements relate to the topics? 4. Provide an example to help explain your answers and/or illustrate the elements and topics. YOU CAN DO IT – GOOD LUCK!!!

Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Perfectionism and Athlete Burnout in Elite Sports: The Mediating Role o

Over the past few decades, American society has become more and more obsessed on performance outcomes and winning; being declared the best has become most important (Crain, 2004). Winning is often viewed as an all or nothing virtue, whereby greatness is a descriptive term reserved only for those whose names appear at the top of the list (Hanchon, 2011). This evolving mindset communicates to our youth that despite his or her efforts, only the final results matter. For many individuals the ideas of achievement, excellence, and self-worth have become highly dependent upon the perceived outcomes of the competitions or events in which they engage (Hanchon, 2011). Outperforming one’s competitors serves as the defining characteristic of success or excellence, which in turn, appears to serve as a key determinant in the individual’s self-assessment of life satisfaction (Harackiewicz, Barron, & Elliot, 1998). Sport performance is mediated by positive and negative variables; the pressure to perform for a result leads to the negative variable of higher expectations on the athlete. Stress and the pressure to perform are both contributing factors to higher anxiety levels, overtraining, and burnout in athletes (Weinberg & Gould, 2007). In some cases, â€Å"higher expectations also appear to increase the amount of stress an athlete may experience, and higher levels of stress are generally related to higher levels of state anxiety and burnout† (Jones & Hanton, 1996; Raedeke & Smith, 2001). Burnout Fear of failures, frustration, high expectations, anxiety, and other pressures to perform are all stresses identified as being related to burnout (Dale & Weinberg, 1990). Burnout has been addressed in the Old Testament (Exodus 18:17-18), in which ... ...ation and affect on elite athlete burnout susceptibility. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 28, 32-48. Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., Rose, E. (2009). Athlete burnout in elite sport: A self-determination perspective. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27, 785-795. Raedeke, T. D. (1997). Is athlete burnout more than stress? A commitment perspective. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 19, 396-417. Raedeke, T. D., & Smith, A. L. (2001). Development and preliminary validation of an athlete burnout measure. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 23, 281-306. Vallerand, R. J. (2008). On the psychology of passion: in search of what makes people’s lives most worth living. Canadian Psychology, 49, 1-13. Weinberg, R. S., & Gould, D, (2007). Foundation of sport and exercise psychology (4th ed.). Chapter21: Burnout and Overtraining (pp. 489-509). Champaign, IL: Human

Monday, January 13, 2020

Night World : Witchlight Chapter 3

Keller turned her head quickly. Nissa was standing there, cool and imperturbable as always, one hand on her hip. Her short mink-colored hair wasn't even ruffled; her eyes, just a shade or two darker, were steady. And she was holding an ironwood fighting stick with a very sharp point. Keller growled faintly in relief. You couldn't ask Nissa to be creative-her mind didn't work that way. But on any question of logic, she was unbeatable, and she had nerves of ice. More important right now, she was a superb fighter. â€Å"If you want to play, why don't you try me?† she suggested, and whipped the fighting stick around expertly a few times. It whistled in the air, traced a complicated figure, and ended up casually across her shoulder. Then she slowly extended the point toward the vampire's throat. â€Å"Yeah, and don't leave me out.† This voice was husky and shaky but still grim. It came from behind the counter. Winnie was pulling herself up. She coughed once, then stood straight, facing the vampire. Energy, orange and pulsating, flared between her cupped hands. Witch power. You're alive, Keller thought. She couldn't suppress the flash of relief. The vampire looked from one girl to the other. Then he glanced at Keller, who was lying on her side, feebly trying to make her legs work. Her tail lashed furiously. â€Å"Come on!† the other vampire shouted. He was staggering under the weight of the dragon, heading for the door. â€Å"Let's get Azhdeha out of here. He's the most important thing.† The first vampire hesitated one instant, then whirled and plunged after his friend. Together, they hustled the dragon out into the mall. Then they were gone. Keller gave one final gasping snarl and felt herself change. This time, it felt more like a snail falling out of a shell. Her claws dissolved, her tail withered, and she slumped into her human body. â€Å"Boss! Are you okay?† Winnie came toward her, a little unsteadily. Keller raised her head, black hair falling on either side to the floor. She pushed herself up with her arms and looked around, taking stock. The shop was quiet It was also a wreck. Winnie's impact with the wall had knocked off most of the decorative plates and clocks there. Keller's fight with the dragon had trashed a lot of the shelves. There were shattered Christmas ornaments everywhere, little glittering fragments of scarlet and holly green and royal purple. It was like being in a giant kaleidoscope. And outside, chaos was gathering. The entire fight had only taken about five minutes, but all the time it had been going on, people had been running away from the shop and screaming. Keller had noticed them; she had simply filed them away in her mind as unimportant. There had been nothing she could do about them. Now, there were security officers closing in, and someone had undoubtedly called the police. She pushed with her arms again and managed to stand up. â€Å"Nissa.† It hurt her throat to speak. â€Å"Where's the car?† â€Å"Right down there.† Nissa pointed at the floor. â€Å"Directly below us, parked outside the Mrs. Fields cookie store.† â€Å"Okay. Let's get Diana out.† Keller looked at the young girl with the shimmering hair who as yet hadn't spoken a single word. â€Å"Can you walk?† Iliana stared at her. She didn't say anything. Stunned and frightened, Keller guessed. Well, a lot had happened in the last few minutes. â€Å"I know this all seems bizarre to you, and you're probably wondering who we are.Ill explain everything. But right now, we have to get out of here. Okay?† Iliana shrank a little, trembling. Not exactly a hero, Keller thought. Or quick on the uptake. Then she decided she was being unfair. This girl was the Witch Child; she undoubtedly had hidden strengths. â€Å"Come on,† Galen said to Iliana gently. â€Å"She's right; it isn't safe here.† Iliana looked up at him earnestly. She seemed about to agree. Then she gave a little shiver, shut her eyes, and fainted. Galen caught her as she fell. Keller stared. â€Å"She's too pure to deal with this kind of stuff,† Winnie said defensively. â€Å"Violence and all. It's not the same as being chicken.† It was at that exact moment that Keller could pinpoint her first real doubts about the new Wild Power. Galen looked down at the girl who lay in his arms like a broken lily. He looked at Keller. â€Å"You take her; well surround you and cover you,† Keller said, cutting him off. She knew her hair was in complete disarray, a wild cyclone of black around her. Her sleek jumpsuit was torn and stained, and she was clutching her right shoulder, which still throbbed in agony. But she must have looked fairly commanding, because Galen didn't say another word, just nodded and started toward the door. Nissa led the way in front of him. Winnie and Keller fell in behind. They were ready to fight, but when the security guards with walkie-talkies saw Nissa whirling her stick, they backed away. The ordinary people, curious onlookers attracted by all the noise, not only backed away but ran. Lots of them screamed. â€Å"Go,† Keller said. â€Å"Fast. Go.† They made it to Mrs. Fields without anybody trying to stop them. A girl with a red apron flattened herself against a wall as they thrust their way behind the counter and into the sanctum full of industrial-sized ovens in the back. A gangly boy dropped a tray with a clang, and lumps of raw cookie dough scattered on the floor. And then they were bursting through the back entrance, and there was the car, a white limousine illegally parked at the curb. Nissa whipped out a key chain and pressed a button, and Keller heard the click of doors unlocking. â€Å"Inside!† she said to Galen. He got in. Winnie ran around the car to get in the other side. Nissa slid into the driver's seat. Keller ducked in last and snapped, â€Å"Go!† even as she slammed the door. Nissa floored it. The limousine shot forward like a dolphin-just as a security truck sped up from the rear. A police car appeared dead in front of them. Nissa was an excellent driver. The limo swerved with a squeal of tires and peeled out of another of the parking lot's exits. A second police car swung toward them as Nissa dodged traffic. This one had lights and sirens on. Nissa gunned the engine, and the limo surged forward again. A freeway on-ramp was ahead. â€Å"Hang on,† Nissa said briefly. They were passing the on-ramp-they were past it. No, they weren't. At the last possible second, the limo screamed into a ninety-degree turn. Everyone inside was thrown around. Keller clenched her teeth as her wounded arm hit the window. Then they were shooting up the on-ramp and onto the freeway. With a little patter, cat's paws of rain appeared on the windshield. Keller, leaning forward to look over Nissa's shoulder, was happy. With icy rain and the low, gray fog, they probably wouldn't be chased by helicopter. The big limousine roared past the few other cars on the road and Winnie sat looking out the rear window, murmuring a spell to confuse and delay any pursuit. â€Å"We lost them,† Nissa said. Keller sat back and let out her breath. For the first time since she'd entered the mall, she allowed herself to relax minutely. We did it. At the same moment, Winnie turned. She pounded the backseat with a small, hard fist. â€Å"We did it! Keller-we got the Wild Power! We†¦Ã¢â‚¬  Her voice trailed off as she saw Keller's face. â€Å"And, uh†¦ I guess I disobeyed orders.† Her pounding was self-conscious now; she ducked her strawberry-blond head. â€Å"Um, I'm sorry, Boss.† â€Å"You'd better be,† Keller said. She held Winnie's gaze a moment, then said, â€Å"You could have gotten yourself killed, witch-and for absolutely no good reason.† Winnie grimaced. â€Å"I know. I lost it. I'm sorry.† But she smiled timidly at Keller afterward. Keller's team knew how to read her. â€Å"Sorry, too, Boss,† Nissa said from the front seat. She slanted a glance at Keller from her mink-colored eyes. â€Å"I wasn't supposed to leave the car.† â€Å"But you thought we might need a little help,† Keller said. She nodded, meeting Nissa's eyes in the mirror. â€Å"I'm glad you did.† The faintest flush of pleasure colored Nissa's cheeks. Galen cleared his throat. â€Å"Um, for the record, I'm sorry, too. I didn't mean to charge in like that in the middle of your operation.† Keller looked at him. He was smiling slightly, hesitantly, the way Winnie had. A nice smile. The corner of his mouth naturally quirked upward, giving him a hint of mischief in all but the most serious moments. His green-gold eyes were apologetic but hopeful. â€Å"Yeah, who are you, guy?† Winnie was looking him up and down, her dark lashes twinkling. â€Å"Did Circle Daybreak send you? I thought we were on this mission alone.† â€Å"You were. I belong to Circle Daybreak, but they didn't send me. I just-well, I was outside the shop, and I couldn't just stand there†¦Ã¢â‚¬  His voice died. The smile died, too. â€Å"You're really mad, aren't you?† he said to Keller. â€Å"Mad?† She took a slow breath. â€Å"I'm furious.† He blinked. â€Å"I don't-â€Å" â€Å"You stopped me. I could have killed him!† His gold-green eyes opened in shock and something like remembered pain. â€Å"He was killing you.† â€Å"I know that,† Keller snarled. â€Å"It doesn't matter what happens to me. What matters is that now he's free. Don't you understand what he is?† Winfrith was looking sober. â€Å"I don't know. But he hit me with something powerful. Pure energy like what I use, but about a hundred times stronger.† â€Å"He's a dragon,† Keller said. She saw Nissa's shoulders stiffen, but Winnie just shook her head, bewildered. â€Å"A kind of shapeshifter that hasn't been around for about thirty thousand years.† â€Å"He can turn into a dragon?† Keller didn't smile. â€Å"No, of course not. Don't be silly. I don't know what he can do-but a dragon is what he is. Inside.† Winnie suddenly looked queasy as this hit home. Keller turned back to Galen. â€Å"And that's what you let loose on the world. It was the only chance to kill him-nobody will be able to take him by surprise like that again. Which means that everything he does after this is going to be your fault.† Galen shut his eyes, looking dizzy. â€Å"I'm sorry. But when I saw you-I couldn't let you die†¦.† â€Å"I'm expendable. I don't know who you are, but I'm willing to bet you're expendable. The only one here who isn't expendable is her.† Keller jerked a thumb at Iliana, who lay in a pool of pale silver-gold hair on the seat beside Galen. â€Å"And if you think that dragon isn't going to come back and try to get her again, you're crazy. I'd have died happy knowing that I'd gotten rid of him.† Galen's eyes were open again, and Keller saw a flicker in them at the â€Å"don't know who you are.† But at the end, he said quietly, â€Å"I'm expendable. And I'm sorry. I didn't think† â€Å"That's right! You didn't! And now the whole world is going to suffer.† Galen shut up and sat back. And Keller felt odd. She wasn't sorry for slapping him down, she told herself. He deserved it. But his face was so pale now, and his expression was so bleak. As if he'd not only understood everything she'd said but expanded on it in his own mind. And the look of hurt in his eyes was almost insupportable. Good, Keller told herself. But then she remembered the moment she'd spent inside his mind. It had been a sunlit place, warm and open, without dark corners or shadowed crevasses. Now that would be gone forever. There was going to be a huge black fissure in it, full of horror and shame. A mark he would carry for the rest of his life. Well, welcome to the real world, Keller thought, and her throat tightened and hurt. She stared out the window angrily. â€Å"See, it's really important that we keep Iliana safe,† Winfrith was saying quietly to Galen. He didn't ask why, and Keller had noticed before that he hadn't asked why Iliana wasn't expendable. But Winnie went on telling him anyway. â€Å"She's a Wild Power. You know about those?† â€Å"Who doesn't these days?† He said it almost in a whisper. â€Å"Well, most humans, for one thing. But she's not just a Wild Power; she's the Witch Child. Somebody we witches have been expecting for centuries. The prophecies say she's going to unite the shape-shifters and the witches. She's going to marry the son of the First House of the shapeshifters. And then the two races will be united, and all the shapeshifters will join Circle Daybreak, and well be able to hold off the end of the world at the millennium.† Winnie finished out of breath. Then she cocked her strawberry-blond head. â€Å"You don't seem surprised. Who are you, guy? You didn't really say before.† â€Å"Me?† He was still looking into the distance. â€Å"I'm nobody, compared to you people.† Then he gave a little wry smile that didn't reach his eyes. â€Å"I'm expendable.† Nissa caught Keller's eye in the rearview mirror, looking concerned. Keller just shrugged. Sure, Winnie was telling this expendable guy a lot. But it didn't matter. He wasn't on the enemy side; and anyway, the enemy knew everything Winnie was saying. They had identified Iliana as the third Wild Power; the dragon proved that. They wouldn't have sent him if they hadn't been sure. But still, it was time to get rid of this interfering boy. They certainly couldn't take him to the safe house where they were taking Iliana. â€Å"Nobody tailing us?† Keller said. Nissa shook her head. â€Å"We lost them all miles ago.† â€Å"You're sure?† â€Å"Dead certain.† â€Å"Okay. Take any exit, and we'll drop him off.† She turned to Galen. â€Å"I hope you can find your way home.† ‘I want to go with you.† â€Å"Sorry. We have important things to do.† Keller didn't need to add, And you're not part of them. â€Å"Look.† Galen took a deep breath. His pale face was strained and exhausted, as if he'd somehow lost three days' sleep since he'd gotten into the limo. And there was something close to desperation in his eyes. â€Å"I need to go with you. I need to help, to try and make up for what I did. I need to make it right.† â€Å"You can't.† Keller said it even more brusquely than she meant to. â€Å"You're not trained, and you're not involved in this. You're no good.† He gave her a look. It didn't disagree with anything she'd said, but somehow, for just an instant, it made her feel small. His greeny-gold eyes were just the opposite of the dragon's opaque ones. Keller could see for miles in them, endless light-filled fathoms, and it was all despair. A sorrow so great that it shook her. She knew it must be costing him a lot to show her that, to hold himself so open and vulnerable. But he kept looking at her steadily. â€Å"You don't understand,† he said quietly. I have to help you. I have to try, at least. I know I'm not in your class as a fighter. But I†¦Ã¢â‚¬  He hesitated. â€Å"I didn't want to say this-â€Å" At that moment, Iliana groaned and sat up. Or tried to. She didn't make it all the way. She put a hand to her head and started to fall off the seat. Galen steadied her, putting an arm around her to keep her propped up. â€Å"Are you all right?† Keller asked. She leaned forward, trying to get a look at the girl's face. Winnie was leaning forward, too, her expression eager. â€Å"How're you feeling? You're not really hurt, are you? You just fainted from the shock.† Diana looked around the limousine. She seemed utterly confused and disoriented. Keller was struck again by the girl's unearthly beauty. This close, she looked like a flower, or maybe a girl made from flowers. She had peach-blossom skin and hazy iris-colored eyes. Her hair was like corn silk, fine and shimmering even in this dim light. Her hands were small and graceful, fingers half curled like flower petals. â€Å"It's such an honor to meet you,† Winnie said, and her voice turned formal as she uttered the traditional greeting of the witches. â€Å"Unity, Daughter of Hellewise. I'm Winfrith Arlin.† She dimpled. â€Å"But it's really ‘Arm-of-Lightning.' My family's an old one, almost as old as yours.† Diana stared at her. Then she stared at the back of Nissa's mink-colored head. Then her eyes slid to Keller. Then she sucked in a deep breath and started screaming.

Sunday, January 5, 2020

The American Dream and College Essay - 5160 Words

The American Dream and College My junior year of high school was filled with high emotions, stressful moments, and tension about where to apply to college and where I would be accepted and ultimately attend. At a â€Å"Making the Most out of your Sixth Semester† forum that year, the entire junior class experienced lectures from the school’s college resource counselors about how to prepare for this arduous battle of college admissions. The way Sue Biermert, who is the College Admissions Counselor at my high school, opened the forum was by asking a question to the parents that put everything into perspective: â€Å"How many of you parents feel like you are successful?† Every single hand shot up from the 500 parents in the†¦show more content†¦Though, the majority of students who go through this inevitable admissions procedure typically do not meet the Wizard of Oz after traveling the yellow brick road in hopes of being granted their first choice for higher education. Sue Biermert explained to our junior class that night that life is about taking risks and facing problem after problem. It was obviously not getting any easier by applying to colleges. However, this is what we all had to do in order to feel like our parents in thirty years, because our culture has forced us to be part of the system of going to some sort of university. She admitted that many of us would feel rejected, literally and emotionally, in a year from our top choice. Though, one never knows until you take that leap of faith as she quoted a popular Michael Jordan poster in our Chicago-suburban high school that reads: â€Å"I miss 100% of all the shots I don’t take.† Biermert reiterated to us that we were there that night to be part of the process, therefore we must be willing to tackle the admissions problem head on and do the best we can. The admissions process is analyzed by determining what â€Å"ideal students† are, as a more concrete answer may be deduced about how this admissions game works and how to solve this equation. A profitable university to try and examine is The George Washington University in Washington D.C., as this is the university that I am currently attending.Show MoreRelatedPursuing The American Dream Of Graduating College Essay1241 Words   |  5 Pagesof us. Pursuing the American dream of graduating college can be the best feel ever but it can also cost a price. College tuition is increasing more and more every year due to the fact of the rising economy. With student want to be successful in life they will need an education to a degree, which will land you a decent job in life. The problem is when the cost of gaining that degree outweighs the financial advantage to the career. 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Saturday, December 28, 2019

Genesis, And Plato s Allegory Of The Cave - 900 Words

In the readings of Exodus, Genesis, and Plato’s Allegory of the Cave. These three texts explore what it means to follow in the Catholic Intellectual Tradition. The teachings from Genesis, Exodus and Plato, demonstrate proof of the fundamental claim, â€Å"God’s presence in the world is mediated through nature and reality.† The significance of nature can symbolize everything that appears in the physical world, while the reality represents the truth and human existence in the world. The readings of Exodus explain the departure of the Israelites from Egypt and how the covenant was renewed. The rejuvenation made Israel a nation and formed a relationship between god and his teachings. The nature of god’s presence reveals how the Israelites were authentic and productive with how they reproduced and how the land became filled with Israelites. The reality demonstrates how the new king of Egypt stated that, â€Å"The Israelite people have multiplied and become more numerous than we are†(Exodus p. 16). This reality proposes how the Egyptians became resentful against the Israelites in order them to suffer brutal slavery and make life difficult for them with intense work and punishment. The texts in Exodus acknowledge the sacrifices Hebrew women had to make in order to live through nature and reality. It states â€Å"The Hebrew women are not like the Egyptian women. They are robust and give birth before the midwife arrives† (Exodus p. 16). Gods presence through nature and reality reveals how

Friday, December 20, 2019

Islam A Western Culture And Many Authors Have Failed

Saudi Arabians consider homosexuality to be a Western culture and many authors have failed to agree on the argument that it found its way from the western countries into the Middle East after and during the offensive in Iraq (Ilkkaracan 58). Considering the strict cultural values of the Muslim lifestyle, homosexuality has no place in the region. Islam is the predominant religion of the region and the way of life is firmly rooted on the teachings of the Quran. The practice goes against the decree as postulated in the Quran and many Muslims condemn it in the strongest terms possible. In many states in the Middle East, the victims receive severe punishment, which in most cases is death by stoning, flogging in the streets, and excommunication†¦show more content†¦The practice found its deep roots into the Western society because of Human Rights bodies advocating for respect for diverse cultural practices and customs. According to the Arc International and the International Lesbian and Gay Association respect for diverse cultural behaviors and conducts stems from embracing and coexisting peaceful with others irrespective of different backgrounds (Norris, Pippa, and Ronald 76). This has given individuals the freedom to go ahead and be true to who they are in terms of their sexual orientation. It is thus an accepted norm and way of life in the Western countries. In fact, on June 2015, the United States Supreme Court gave a ruling that legalized same sex marriage in reference to the Fourth Amendment. Prior to the ruling, several lower courts had legalized the practice of lesbianism and gays. This gave the federal government the go ahead to recognize same sex marriages inclusive with benefits. Going by the Western concept, homosexuality is thus a personal choice considered as part of human nature. The reasoning in the west is in sharp contrast to beliefs held by cultures from the Middle East who consider it a taboo and unmentionable. In fact, there is no generally accepted word to refer to it with some references such as â€Å"third† (Blackwood, 78). In many instances and cases, they